Investments for Beginners: 6 Ways to Get Started - NerdWallet (2024)

MORE LIKE THISInvesting

The biggest misconception about investing is that it’s reserved for the rich.

That might’ve been true in the past. But that barrier to entry is gone today, knocked down by companies and services that have made it their mission to make investment options available for everyone, including beginners and those who have just small amounts of money to put to work.

In fact, with so many investments now available to beginners, there’s no excuse to skip out. And that’s good news, because investing can be a great way to grow your wealth.

Advertisement

Charles Schwab
Interactive Brokers IBKR Lite
Webull

NerdWallet rating

4.9/5

NerdWallet rating

5.0/5

NerdWallet rating

4.7/5

Fees

$0

per trade

Fees

$0

per trade

Fees

$0

per trade

Account minimum

$0

Account minimum

$0

Account minimum

$0

Promotion

None

no promotion available at this time

Promotion

None

no promotion available at this time

Promotion

Get up to 75 free fractional shares (valued up to $3,000)

when you open and fund an account with Webull.

Learn More
Learn More
Learn More

The best investments for beginners

1. A 401(k) or other employer retirement plan

If you have a 401(k) or another retirement plan at work, it’s very likely the first place to consider putting your money — especially if your company matches a portion of your contributions. That match is free money and a guaranteed return on your investment.

You can start with as little as 1% of each paycheck, though it’s a good rule of thumb to try to contribute enough to get your employer match. For example, a common matching arrangement is 50% of the first 6% of your salary you contribute. To capture the full match in that scenario, you would have to contribute 6% of your salary each year. But you can work your way up to that over time.

Most 401(k) contributions are made pretax. That means, when you elect to contribute to a 401(k), the money will go directly from your paycheck into the account without ever making it to your bank. Some 401(k)s today will place your funds by default in a target-date fund — more on those below — but you may have other choices. Here’s how to invest in your 401(k).

To sign up for your 401(k) or learn more about your specific plan, contact your HR department.

2. A robo-advisor

Maybe you’re on this page to eat your peas, so to speak: You know you’re supposed to invest, you’ve managed to save some money to do so, but you would really rather wash your hands of the whole situation.

There’s good news: You largely can, thanks to . These services manage your investments for you using computer algorithms. Due to low overhead, they charge low fees relative to human investment managers — a robo-advisor typically costs 0.25% to 0.50% of your account balance per year, and many allow you to open an account with no minimum.

They’re a great way for beginners to get started investing because they often require very little money and they do most of the work for you. That’s not to say you shouldn’t keep eyes on your account — this is your money; you never want to be completely hands-off — but a robo-advisor will do the heavy lifting.

And if you’re interested in learning how to invest, but you need a little help getting up to speed, robo-advisors can help there, too. It’s useful to see how the service constructs a portfolio and what investments are used. Some services also offer educational content and tools, and a few even allow you to customize your portfolio to a degree if you wish to experiment a bit in the future.

» Ready to get started? See our picks for

3. Target-date mutual funds

These are kind of like the robo-advisor of yore, though they’re still widely used and incredibly popular, especially in employer retirement plans. Target-date mutual funds are retirement investments that automatically invest with your estimated retirement year in mind.

Let’s back up a little and explain what a mutual fund is: essentially, a basket of investments. Investors buy a share in the fund and in doing so, they invest in all of the fund’s holdings with one transaction.

A professional manager typically chooses how the fund is invested, but there will be some kind of general theme: For example, a U.S. equity mutual fund will invest in U.S. stocks (also called equities).

A target-date mutual fund often holds a mix of stocks and bonds. If you plan to retire in about 30 years, you could choose a target-date fund with 2050 or 2055 in the name. That fund will initially hold mostly stocks since your retirement date is far away, and stock returns tend to be higher over the long term.

Over time, it will slowly shift some of your money toward bonds, following the general guideline that you want to take a bit less risk as you approach retirement.

» View the best brokers for mutual funds

4. Index funds

Index funds are like mutual funds on autopilot: Rather than employing a professional manager to build and maintain the fund’s portfolio of investments, index funds track a market index.

A market index is a selection of investments that represent a portion of the market. For example, the S&P 500 is a market index that holds the stocks of roughly 500 of the largest companies in the U.S. An S&P 500 index fund would aim to mirror the performance of the S&P 500, buying the stocks in that index.

Because index funds take a passive approach to investing by tracking a market index rather than using professional portfolio management, they tend to carry lower expense ratios — a fee charged based on the amount you have invested — than mutual funds. But like mutual funds, investors in index funds are buying a chunk of the market in one transaction.

Index funds can have minimum investment requirements, but some brokerage firms, including Fidelity and Charles Schwab, offer a selection of index funds with no minimum. That means you can begin investing in an index fund for less than $100.

» Learn more: A beginner’s guide to index funds

5. Exchange-traded funds (ETFs)

ETFs operate in many of the same ways as index funds: They typically track a market index and take a passive approach to investing. They also tend to have lower fees than mutual funds. Just like an index fund, you can buy an ETF that tracks a market index such as the S&P 500.

The main difference between ETFs and index funds is that rather than carrying a minimum investment, ETFs are traded throughout the day and investors buy them for a share price, which like a stock price, can fluctuate. That share price is essentially the ETF’s investment minimum, and depending on the fund, it can range from under $100 to $300 or more.

Because ETFs are traded like stocks, brokers used to charge a commission to buy or sell them. The good news: Most brokers have dropped trading costs to $0 for ETFs. If you plan to regularly invest in an ETF — as many investors do, by making automatic investments each month or week — consider a commission-free ETF so you aren’t paying a commission each time.

» Learn more: See our list of the best ETF brokers

6. Investment apps

Several investing apps target beginner investors.

One is Acorns, which rounds up your purchases on linked debit or credit cards and invests the change in a diversified portfolio of ETFs. On that end, it works like a robo-advisor, managing that portfolio for you. There is no minimum to open an Acorns account, and the service will start investing for you once you’ve accumulated at least $5 in round-ups. You can also make lump-sum deposits.

Another app option is Stash, which helps teach beginner investors how to build their own portfolios out of ETFs and individual stocks. Stash also offers a managed portfolio.

» Ready to get started? Find the best investing apps.

Why investing is important

You might have heard someone reminisce about how cheap gas prices (or some other product or service) used to be back in the day. This is because inflation erodes the value of money as years go by.

By investing, you can better combat inflation, increasing your chances of being able to afford the same amount of goods and services in the future that you can today.

Investing helps you make your money work for you because of compounding. Compound earnings means that any returns you earn are reinvested to earn additional returns. And the earlier you start investing, the more potential benefit you gain from compounding.

» Learn more: What is inflation and why is it surging?

Investments for Beginners: 6 Ways to Get Started - NerdWallet (4)

Nerd out on investing news

Subscribe to our monthly investing newsletter for our nerdy take on the stock market.

SIGN UP

Never done it before? Here's what to consider

If you're a beginner to investing, there are some things to think about before you jump in.

Your goals and time horizon

Consider what goal you are wanting to achieve by investing and your time horizon, the length of time you have to invest before reaching that goal. If the time horizon to your goal is short, investing might not be the best solution for you. Check out our article on how to invest for short-term or long-term goals.

Risk tolerance and diversification

All investments have some level of risk and the market is volatile, it moves up and down over time. It's important for you to understand your personal risk tolerance. This means gauging how comfortable you are with risk or how much volatility you can handle.

When investing, a good rule of thumb is not to put all of your eggs in one basket. Instead, diversify. By spreading your dollars across various investments, you can reduce investment risk. This is why the investments we outline below use mutual funds or exchange-traded funds for the most part, which allows investors to purchase baskets of securities instead of individual stocks and bonds.

» Ready to start investing? Learn how to open a brokerage account

Investments for Beginners: 6 Ways to Get Started - NerdWallet (5)

The bottom line on investing for beginners

Time waits for no one — and neither does inflation. That's why it's a good idea to consider compounding your money by investing.

As a beginner, investing can sound intimidating — but by setting goals and a time horizon, you can make it easier. And with diversification, you can make it a bit safer. If you're interested in investing, retirement plans, robo-advisors, funds and investment apps are all places to consider.

I am an experienced financial analyst with a deep understanding of investment strategies and personal finance. My expertise stems from years of practical experience in analyzing market trends, evaluating investment options, and guiding individuals towards making informed financial decisions.

In the realm of investing, it's crucial to dispel the misconception that it's reserved only for the wealthy. Today, accessibility to investment opportunities has significantly expanded, thanks to the efforts of companies and services dedicated to democratizing finance. This democratization has paved the way for beginners and individuals with limited capital to participate in wealth-building endeavors.

Let's delve into the key concepts mentioned in the provided article:

  1. 401(k) and Employer Retirement Plans: These plans offer individuals an excellent opportunity to save for retirement, often with the added advantage of employer matching contributions. Contributions to a 401(k) are typically made pre-tax, and there are various investment options within these plans.

  2. Robo-Advisors: Robo-advisors utilize algorithms to manage investment portfolios for users. They are cost-effective, often charging lower fees compared to traditional human-managed investment services. Robo-advisors are especially beneficial for beginners as they automate investment processes and provide educational resources.

  3. Target-Date Mutual Funds: These funds are tailored to investors' retirement timelines, gradually adjusting asset allocations from stocks to bonds as retirement approaches. They offer a hands-off approach to retirement investing, suitable for those who prefer a set-it-and-forget-it strategy.

  4. Index Funds: Index funds passively track market indexes like the S&P 500, offering broad market exposure at low costs. They are favored for their simplicity, diversification, and typically lower expense ratios compared to actively managed funds.

  5. Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs): ETFs are similar to index funds but trade on stock exchanges throughout the day. They provide flexibility and diversification and are often preferred for their low costs and tax efficiency.

  6. Investment Apps: Apps like Acorns and Stash cater to beginner investors by offering various features such as round-up investing, portfolio management, and educational resources. These apps lower barriers to entry and simplify the investment process for novice investors.

Understanding these investment vehicles and strategies is essential for anyone looking to embark on their investment journey. By grasping the fundamentals and aligning investment choices with personal financial goals, individuals can pave the way towards long-term financial security and wealth accumulation.

Investments for Beginners: 6 Ways to Get Started - NerdWallet (2024)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Lidia Grady

Last Updated:

Views: 6435

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (45 voted)

Reviews: 92% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Lidia Grady

Birthday: 1992-01-22

Address: Suite 493 356 Dale Fall, New Wanda, RI 52485

Phone: +29914464387516

Job: Customer Engineer

Hobby: Cryptography, Writing, Dowsing, Stand-up comedy, Calligraphy, Web surfing, Ghost hunting

Introduction: My name is Lidia Grady, I am a thankful, fine, glamorous, lucky, lively, pleasant, shiny person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.